Ecological Dimension - for students

S2.1 Integrated system design


Like all other living and non-living creatures, humans are an inseparable part of the logical but complex ecosystem. This system in turn consists of countless underlying systems. To understand the world around you and make the right choices, it is important to understand these systems and their interconnections. But for that, do you get your knowledge from science, your own observations, worldview or culture?

Key concepts
  • Fundamentals of systems approach and regenerative design
  • Expressing perspectives of other living and non-living beings
  • Contribute to the entire system design for your school or organization in the areas of energy, water, waste, etc.

S2.2 Energy


The amount of energy on earth is not infinite and we must share the available energy with all other living beings. All forms of energy supply known to man have advantages and disadvantages. These depend in part on the location. Do you ever think about your energy use and whether it causes damage to nature or the environment? Fortunately, more and more sustainable alternatives are available.

Key concepts
  • The demand for and type of energy available in different parts of the world and its relationship to the history of human development
  • The differences between energy sources, their advantages and disadvantages, including environmental impacts
  • Measures to increase energy efficiency personally and in the community

S2.3 Water


Our Earth is sometimes called the blue planet because it looks blue from space. This is because there is really water everywhere. In the form of oceans, seas, rivers, groundwater and clouds. Humans and most animals are also mostly composed of water. Despite this, there are problems with (drinking) water and there is too little of it in some places. Learn about the water cycle and how we can use water sustainably together and for ourselves.

Key concepts
  • The sources of water in different parts of the world (water security) and the link to human development
  • The relationship between changes in the major water cycle, biodiversity, climate, soils, and human development
  • Measures to increase water efficiency in personal and community settings

S2.4 Food


“You become what you eat” is a well-known saying. Through our food we are connected to the cycle of matter. However, with the large-scale and industrial collection and production and transportation of much of our food, the earth is slowly becoming depleted. How do we create, preferably locally, sustainable and resilient food systems that not only contribute to our own health, but also to preserve or enhance our ecosystem?

Key concepts
  • The demand for and sources of food in different parts of the world
  • The relationship between agriculture, food production, climate, biodiversity, soil, nutrient cycles, and human development
  • Creating a permaculture design
  • Actions to increase food sustainability and food efficiency in the personal and community sphere

S2.5 Climate-proof building & renovation


Do you live in a house made of brick, concrete, loam, blocks of ice or something else? It depends mostly on where that house is located. Was that different in the past than it is now? In addition to materials, the construction possibilities depend on the environment, the soil, the building regulations, the available energy, the available knowledge of construction techniques, etc. Where is your dream home and what does it look like?

Key concepts
  • Climatechange-proof building
  • Sustainable materials for buildings
  • The link between buildings, health, culture, traditions, landscapes, biodiversity and climate
  • Restoration of local ecosystems
  • Practical construction skills
  • A plan of your home or school and its surroundings that incorporates shared needs of residents